This review system is run by the Hospital Research Ethics Committee (HREC) of the Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Abeokuta (FNPHA), which accepts for ethics review ONLY health research involving human participants, conducted, supported or otherwise subject to regulation by the FNPHA.

The scope of the HREC, FNPHA is limited to research to be done in FNPHA or to be done by permanent staff of NPHA outside the hospital, and research to be done by the permanent staff of another institution (within Ogun state or South West geopolitical zone) which has valid collaborative agreement with FNPHA as endorsed by the National Hospital Research Ethics Committee (NHREC) of Nigeria.